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glu-Plasminogen, lys-Plasminogen and carbohydrate variants


Human Plasminogen
The domain structure of human plasminogen is represented where: K1-K5 = the 5 kringle domains, B-CHAIN = catalytic domain of plasmin , and the arrows indicate the sites of proteolytic cleavage by plasmin, elastase, and plasminogen activators (PA'S).

  • Price $104.00/1 mg ($93.00/min. 5)
    Size 1 mg
    Formulation 50% glycerol/water (v/v)
    Storage -20°C
    Purity >95% by SDS-PAGE
    Activity Determination < 10 ppm plasmin activity
    Shelf Life (properly stored) 12 months
  • Price $104.00/1 mg ($93.00/min. 5)
    Size 1 mg
    Formulation 50% glycerol/water (v/v)
    Storage -20°C
    Purity >95% by SDS-PAGE
    Activity Determination N/A
    Shelf Life (properly stored) 12 months
  • Price $104.00/1 mg ($93.00/min. 5)
    Size 1 mg
    Formulation 50% glycerol/water (v/v)
    Storage -20°C
    Purity >95% by SDS-PAGE
    Activity Determination N/A
    Shelf Life (properly stored) 12 months
  • Price $104.00/1 mg ($93.00/min. 5)
    Size 1 mg
    Formulation 50% glycerol/water (v/v)
    Storage -20°C
    Purity >95% by SDS-PAGE
    Activity Determination N/A
    Shelf Life (properly stored) 12 months
  • Price $101.00/1 mg ($92.00/min. 5)
    Size 1 mg
    Formulation 50% glycerol/water (v/v)
    Storage -20°C
    Purity >95% by SDS-PAGE
    Activity Determination < 100 ppm plasmin activity
    Shelf Life (properly stored) 12 months
  • Price $58.00/100 µg ($53.00/min. 5)
    Size 100 µg
    Formulation 50% glycerol/water (v/v)
    Storage -20°C
    Purity >95% by SDS-PAGE
    Activity Determination < 100 ppm plasmin activity
    Shelf Life (properly stored) 12 months
Lane 1 Human Glu-Plasminogen (HCPG-0130) Reduced
Lane 2 Human Glu-Plasminogen CHOI (HCPG-0131) Reduced
Lane 3 Human Glu-Plasminogen CHOII (HCPG-0132) Reduced
Lane 4 Human Lys-Plasminogen (HCPG-0133) Reduced
Marker: See Blue +2_MOPS
Lane 5 Human Glu-Plasminogen (HCPG-0130) Non-Reduced
Lane 6 HumanGlu-Plasminogen CHOI (HCPG-0131) Non-Red
Lane 7 Human Glu-Plasminogen CHOII (HCPG-0132) Non-Red
Lane 8 Human Lys-Plasminogen (HCPG-0133) Non-Reduced
Gel Novex 4-12% Bis-Tris
Load 1 µg per lane
Buffer MOPS
Standard SeeBluePlus 2; Myosin (191 kDa), Phosphorylase B (97 kDa), BSA (64 kDa), Glutamic Dehydrogenase (51 kDa), Alcohol Dehydrogenase (39 kDa), Carbonic Anhydrase (28 kDa), Myoglobin Red (19 kDa), Lysozyme (14 kDa)

Plasminogen is a single chain glycoprotein zymogen which is synthesized in the liver and circulates in plasma at a concentration of approximately 2.4 µM (1,2). The plasminogen molecule contains 790 amino acids, 24 disulfide bridges, no free sulfhydryls and 5 regions of internal sequence homology, known as kringles, between Lys77 and Arg560. These five triple-looped, three disulfide bridged, kringle regions are homologous to the kringle domains in t-PA, u-PA and prothrombin. Plasminogen contains one high affinity (Kd=9x10-6M) and four low affinity (Kd=5x10-3M) lysine binding sites. The high affinity binding site resides within the first kringle region of plasminogen. The interaction of plasminogen with fibrin and α2-antiplasmin is mediated by these lysine binding sites. Native glu-plasminogen (Mr=88,000) is readily converted to Lys-77-plasminogen (Mr=83,000) by plasmin hydrolysis of the Lys76-Lys77 peptide bond. Elastase catalyzed cleavage of the Val441-Val442 peptide bond of glu-plasminogen yields a functionally active zymogen termed Val-442 plasminogen or mini-plasminogen.

The conversion of plasminogen to plasmin occurs by a variety of mechanisms, but all result in hydrolysis of the Arg560-Val561 peptide bond of plasminogen, yielding two chains which remain covalently associated by a disulfide bond.

Native glu-plasminogen is prepared from fresh frozen human plasma by a modification of the procedure of Castellino (3), utilizing gel filtration and affinity chromatography. The two carbohydrate variants of glu-plasminogen (CHOI and CHOII) are isolated by gradient elution from lysine-Sepharose using the lysine analog, e-aminocaproic acid (3). The plasminogen is supplied in 50% (vol/vol) glycerol/H2O for storage at -20oC. Purity is determined by SDS-PAGE analysis.

Localization Plasma
Plasma concentration 2.4 µM (human) (4)
Mode of action Zymogen; precursor to the serine protease plasmin
Molecular weight 88,000 (glu plasminogen) (5)
83,000 (lys-plasminogen) (5)
38,000 (val-plasminogen) (6)
Extinction coefficient
E
1 %
1 c m, 280 nm
= 17.0 (5)
Isoelectric point 6.2 (glu-plasminogen) (1)
6.7-8.3 (lys-plasminogen) (1)
Structure single chain, 24 intra chain disulfide bridges, 5 kringle regions.
Percent carbohydrate Approximately 2%
  1. Robbins, K.C., Methods in Enzymology, 45, 257 (1976).
  2. Collen, D. in Blood Coagulation, Zwaal, R.E.A. and Hemker, H.C., eds., pp. 243-258, New York, Elsevier (1986).
  3. Castellino, F.J., et al., Methods in Enzymology, 80, 365 (1981).
  4. Wohl, R.C., et al., Thromb. Res., 27 523 (1982).
  5. Barlow, G.H., et al., Biochemistry, 23, 2384 (1984).
  6. Sottrup-Jensen, L., et al., in Progress in Chemical Fibrinolysis and Thrombolysis, Vol. 3, ed. J.F. Davidson, 7. R.M. Rowan, M.M. Samana, P.C. Desnoyers, pp. 197-228, New York: Raven Press (1975).
  1. Zaas AK, Liao G, Chien JW, Weinberg C, Shore D, et al. (2008) Plasminogen Alleles Influence Susceptibility to Invasive Aspergillosis. PLoS Genet 4(6): e1000101.doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1000101 (mouse plasminogen)

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